Gingivitis, periodontitis and it’s treatment…

What is gingivitis?

Gingivitis is inflammation of the gums – you have it if you notice bleeding when you brush and clean in between teeth.

How do I treat gingivitis?

Most types of gingivitis are plaque-induced – plaque is a collection of bacteria, food particles and salivary components that builds up on teeth, and it becomes more damaging the longer it is left. Effective and improved tooth cleaning should be enough to improve the symptoms and reduce the inflammation.

What is periodontitis/periodontal disease?

Periodontal disease is again plaque-induced, however rather than the damage being confined to gums alone, it spreads to involve the periodontal ligament and bone. If left untreated, periodontal disease can result in tooth loss.

Can it be treated?

Yes, periodontal disease can be treated. Once the type of periodontal disease has been diagnosed, a comprehensive treatment programme will be proposed. This will involve professional cleaning, close monitoring of response to treatment, and then supportive and maintenance therapy. If you are concerned about periodontal disease, ask your dentist or hygienist for more information – do not ignore bleeding gums!


Nicholas McAulay BDS (MANCHESTER) MJDF has a special interest in providing high-quality periodontal care for his patients, he also currently accepts referrals to manage and treat patients with periodontal disease. He is especially interested in the use of regenerative techniques to repair periodontal and mucogingival (gum recession) defects.